ASOSIASI LITERASI KESEHATAN DAN HEALTH BELIEF MODEL DENGAN PRAKTIK SADARI PADA MAHASISWI UNIVERSITAS INDONESIA

Dian Priharja Putri, Dien Anshari

Abstract


Kanker payudara menempati urutan pertama dengan jumlah kasus baru (43,3%) dan kematian akibat kanker (12,9%) pada
wanita di dunia [1]. Lebih dari 70% pasien datang ke layanan kesehatan pada stadium  kenker yang telah lanjut [2].
Pemeriksaan Payudara Sendiri (SADARI) yang dilakukan setiap bulan merupakan metode deteksi dini termurah dan paling
sederhana yang dapat dilakukan secara mandiri oleh wanita. Meskipun telah direkomendasikan selama bertahun-tahun,
praktik BSE masih rendah. Lebih dari 80% orang tidak memahami praktik SADARI [3]. Program ini tidak dapat
dipisahkan dari literasi kesehatan. Teori Health Belief Model dianggap dianggap sesuai untuk melihat mengapa bebrapa
orang memilih untuk tidak melakukan SADARI. Penelitian ini untuk melihat asosiasi literasi kesehatan dan Health Belief
Model dengan praktik SADARI, menggunakan desain cross-sectional dengan sampel 251 mahasiswa S1 Reguler dari
Universitas Indonesia angkatan 2018/2019. Hasil yang diperoleh mahasiswi memiliki tingkat pengetahuan yang rendah
(51,4%) dan memiliki literasi kesehatan yang rendah (49,0%). Literasi kesehatan mempunyai hubungan yang bermakna
dengan praktik SADARI (p = 0,000; α = 0,05) setelah dikontrol oleh rumpun ilmu, sumber  informasi, dan pengetahuan.
Persepsi terhadap kemampuan diri melakukan SADARI mempunyai hubungan bermakna dengan praktik SADARI (p =
0,000; α = 0,05) setelah dikontrol oleh rumpun ilmu, sumber informasi, dan pengetahuan.
 
Kata Kunci- Breast Cancer, BSE, Health Literacy, Health Belief Model

Full Text:

PDF

References


Globocan. 2012. Estimated Disability (DALY) Worldwide Worldwide Dancers, Deaths, Prevalence,

and Year of Life in 2008. IARC Cancer Base No. 11.

Saryono and Roischa D.P. (2009). Breast Care. Yogyakarta: Mitra Cendikia Press ..

Breast Cancer Foundation Jakarta. (2010). Adolescent Cancer Strikes Youth, (line), From:

http://www.ykpj.or.id/ [April 1, 2019].

Health Social Security Organizing Agency. (2017). Productivity and Efficiency of Hospital

Management in the JKN and MEA Era at the Persi National Seminar and Palembang Hospital.

Health Social Security Organizing Agency. (2017). Productivity and Efficiency of Hospital

Management in the JKN and MEA Era at the Persi National Seminar and Palembang Hospital.

Sharma, R.A., Harris, A.L., Dalgleish, A.G., Steward, W.P., & O'Byrne., 2009, Angiogenesis as a

biomarker and target in cancer chemoprevention, Lancet Oncol, 2, 726-732

Champion VL (1993). Enhancement Instrument for Breast Cancer Screening Behavior. Res Nurse 42

(3): 139-143

Marsytah, Siti. 2013. An overview of BSE practice in Regular Undergraduate students at the University

of Indonesia uses the Health Belief Model (HBM) approach. Depok: Universtas Indonesia.

Berkman, N. D., Davis, T. C., & McCormack, L. (2010). Health Literacy: What is it? Health

Communication Journal, 15 (SUPPL.2), 9–19. https://doi.org/10.1080/10810730.2010.499985.

Kanj, M., & Mitic, W.,. 2009. Health Literacy and Health Promotion: Definitions, Concepts and

Examples in the Eastern Mediterranean Region, At the 7th Global Conference on Health Promotion

Promoting Health and Development: Closing the Implementation Gap (pp. 26- 30).

Kowalski, Kent C. (2009). Physical Activity Questionnaire for Older Children (PAQ-C) and

Adolescents (PAQ-A) Manual. Health Journal,

Canada 12 (1): 1-5

Health Research and Development Agency of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia. (2018). Basic Health Research 2018. Jakarta: Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia.

Panahi, R., Ramezankhani, A., Tavousi, M., & Niknami, S. 2017. Adding Helath Literacy to the Health

Belief Model: Effectiveness of Educational Interventions on Smoking Preventive Behavior among

Students. Iran: In Press.

Rosenstock, I. M., 1966, Why do people use health services. Milbank Memorial Fund Quarterly, 83 (4),

-32.

World Health Organization, 2013, Health Literacy The Solid Facts, DK-2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark.

Institute of Medicine.2010. Dietary Reference Intake for Energy, Carbohydrates, Fibers, Fats, Fatty

Acids, Cholesterol, Proteins and Amino Acids. Panel Report on Macronutrients, Subcommittee on

Reference Levels on Nutrition and Interpretation and Use of Diet Reference Intakes, and Standing

Committee for Scientific Evaluation of Diet Reference Intakes. Press National Academy, Washington,

DC.

Berry, Dianne. (2017). Theory and Practice of Health Communication. Open University Press,

Education Mc Graw Hill: England.

Rahma, A. N. (2011). Relationship between Self-Efficacy and Social Support with Adolescent

Adaptation at the Orphanage. Journal of Islamic Psychology, Vol. 8 No. 2, pp. 231-246

Ragin, D. F. (2011). Health Psychology An Interdisciplinary Approach to Health. Boston: Pearson

Anggani, D.M. (2010). Relationship Between Self Regulated Learning and Academic Achievement.

Thesis. Now. Catholic University of Soegijapranata.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Dian Priharja Putri, Dien Anshari

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.